"If at First you don't Succeed, lie, lie again" January 31, 2011 .2. "je suis Une Amie" February 7, 2011 .1. "The new Normal" February 14, 2011 .9. "The badass seed" February 21, 2011 .0. "a person of Interest" February 28, 2011 .0. "Someone to watch over Me" March 7, 2011 .1. "Monsters in the End" March 14, 2011 .1.
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28 The Alloy website later confirmed that pieterse would be playing Alison dilaurentis and devitto would be melissa hastings, also noting Janel Parrish as Mona vanderwaal and Cody Allen Christian, as mike montgomery. 29 In April 2010, Chad Lowe replaced Alexis Denisof as Aria's father, byron Montgomery. 30 Also in April, holly marie combs was cast as Ella montgomery. Ratings edit live sd ratings edit. In season Episode air date time slot (EST) Rating/Share (1849) viewers (m) 1 1 "Pilot" June 8, 2010 tuesdays 8:00.m. 0.9.47 1 2 2 "The jenna Thing" June 15, 2010 .0.48 2 3 3 "to kill a mocking Girl" June 22, 2010 .0.74 3 4 global 4 "Can you hear me now?" June 29, 2010 .7.08 4 5 5 "Reality bites Me" July 6, 2010 .0. "Keep your Friends Close" August 10, 2010 .1. "Moments Later" January 3, 2011 mondays 8:00.m. "Salt meets wound" January 10, 2011 .1. "Know your Frenemies" January 17, 2011 .2. "Careful What you wish For" January 24, 2011 .2.
Development and production edit, originally developed as a television series by book packaging company, alloy entertainment, the idea was described as ". Desperate housewives for teens." 23, alloy met with author Shepard, and gave her the property to develop into a book series. 23 With Alloy and Warner Horizon interested in producing a pretty little liars television series for years, it was first planned for The wb in 2005 with a different writer. 24 The first novel was published by harperTeen in October 2006., alloy noted that it was developing a pretty little liars television pilot for abc family. 23 The novels are being adapted for television. 24 Casting edit abc family began casting for a pretty little liars television pilot in October 2009. 24 Lucy hale was cast as Aria montgomery in the project, 24 followed by Troian Bellisario and Ian Harding (as Spencer Hastings and Ezra fitz, respectively) in november 2009. 26 In December 2009 The futon Critic confirmed the casting of Ashley benson as Hanna marin and Shay mitchell as Emily fields, as well as the addition of laura leighton paperwork as Ashley marin, Alexis Denisof as Byron Montgomery, bianca lawson as maya, as well. 27 28 The hollywood Reporter also noted that Torrey devitto and Sasha pieterse landed recurring roles in the pilot.
Note 1 : bianca lawson is credited as a series regular up until episode. From episode 14 onwards she is no longer credited. Note 2 : nia peeples is credited as a series regular in episode. From episode 2 onwards she is credited as a guest star. Note 3 : Sasha pieterse is credited as a guest star in episode. From episode 2 onwards she is credited as a series regular. Episodes edit, see also: List of Pretty little liars episodes.
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The two begin seeing each other, but Emily ends things due to paige's insecurities over her sexual orientation. The girls receive a video from "-A" which reveals that Alison had been seeing Ian the summer she disappeared. They come to believe he is her killer, and with the help of Emily's neighbor and police officer, garrett reynolds, formulate a plan to blackmail him. However, ian pays report a stranger to go in his place. Spencer and Melissa are involved in a car accident, and Spencer is sent to the local church to recover Melissa's cell phone.
She is confronted by ian, who reveals he knows the girls were trying to blackmail him. He chases her through the church and to the bell tower, where he attempts to push Spencer to her death and make it look like a suicide. As Ian prepares to kill Spencer, a hooded making figure appears and pushes Ian from the platform to the ground below. Aria, hanna, and Emily arrive at the church to comfort Spencer, having called the police on their way. The police and media converge on the church, and one of the officers reveals that no body has been found, leaving them stunned as they receive another text message from "-A" assuring them things are far from over. See also: List of Pretty little liars characters.
She attempts to tell her mother, but "-A" sends Ella a letter detailing the affair, as well as Aria's part in the whole thing. Aria's parents quickly separate, causing her younger brother, mike, to act out. Wren and Spencer's flirtation eventually culminates in a passionate kiss, which Melissa witnesses. She breaks off her engagement to Wren, treating Spencer coldly and straining their relationship even further. Hanna's insecurities nearly cause her relationship with her popular boyfriend, sean Ackard, to crash and burn.
In the following weeks, the girls' suspicions shifts to noel Kahn, a popular boy who Alison had been friends with. Hanna's friendship with Mona is jeopardized by "-A" when they spread a rumor that Hanna had liposuction the summer she lost all the weight; Mona uninvites Hanna from her birthday party. While snooping in the woods, hanna is ran down by "-A" in a car, putting her in the hospital. She reveals she saw noel writing on the back of Ezra's car, having learned of his romantic relationship with Aria. Noel attempts to blackmail Ezra with the knowledge of their relationship, but "-A" frames him using the answers to numerous exams. Sean ends his relationship with Hanna, after "-A" forces Hanna to dance with a nerdy year-book photographer Lucas at a school dance fundraiser. Melissa's former boyfriend, ian Thomas, returns to town and elopes with Melissa, surprising their families and the girls. Hanna connects with bad boy caleb rivers, a tech genius and experienced hacker; the two later begin a romantic relationship, but Hanna ends things when she learns Caleb had been employed by jenna to acquire information on Hanna and her friends. Emily is bullied by a homophobic girl on her swim team, paige McCullers, who later reveals she is gay after giving Emily a heartfelt apology.
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Emily forms a romantic relationship with maya, later coming out to loyalty her conservative, militant parents. Although Emily's father takes the news well, Emily's mother is disappointed and confused which strains her relationship with Emily. Emily's mother discovers marijuana in maya's bag, causing her parents to send her away to a camp for troubled youths. Toby is subsequently arrested for Alison's murder, but also reveals that he met Ali the night she vanished to thank her for getting him away from Jenna. It is revealed that Jenna had been sexually abusing Toby, which is what Alison saw the night of the prank. The girls decide to hold a memorial for Alison; however, someone destroys the memorial and Emily becomes a suspect after she is photographed there by "-A". Detective wilden accuses Emily of murdering Ali, outing her to the other girls. Aria struggles with the secret of her father's affair with a grad student before Ali disappeared.
Hanna has usurped Alison's role as the most popular girl at Rosewood book High School, along with formerly nerdy mona vanderwaal. The girls regularly shoplift from the local mall, until Hanna is caught, forcing her mother into a sexual relationship with Detective darren Wilden to get the charges dropped. Spencer develops romantic feelings for her older sister Melissa's fiance, british doctor Wren Kingston, while Emily befriends a new girl named maya, whose family has moved into Alison's former home. As the story unfolds, each of the girls receive text messages from an anonymous blackmailer only known as "-a who threatens them with secrets only Alison would have known. The girls suspect Alison is the one sending the texts, until her body is found buried in her old backyard. The girls begin to search for answers since Alison's body has been found. They initially suspect Toby cavanaugh, a boy alison had blackmailed after having blinded his stepsister Jenna marshall in a prank, which went horribly wrong. When Emily is nearly sexually assaulted by her boyfriend in the locker room, toby comes to her aid and the two bond. She begins to doubt he is behind Alison's murder and the texts, eventually revealing she is a lesbian to him.
2011, with.20 million viewers, becoming one of abc family's top telecasts to date. Contents, overview edit, five best friends: Spencer Hastings, Aria montgomery, hanna marin, Emily fields, and Alison dilaurentis have a sleepover at Spencer's family's barn in her backyard. The girls drink alcohol and tell secrets, before passing out. During the night, Alison and Spencer leave the barn. When the rest of the girls wake up, Spencer is the only one to return to the barn, claiming she heard a scream. Following Alison's disappearance, the four remaining girls drift apart without their clique leader and Aria's family moves to Iceland for a year. One year later, Aria returns to rosewood, where she hooks up with an older guy at a bar; she later discovers he is her English teacher.
On March 16, 1936 Congress passed Public Law 480 of the 74th Congress created a new unit in the national Park system on the site of the daniel Freeman homestead. On March 19, 1936, President Franklin. Roosevelt signed the law and Homestead National Monument of America "as an appropriate monument to retain for posterity a proper memorial emblematical of the hardships and the pioneer life through which the early settlers passed in the settlement, cultivation and civilization of the Great West.". Go here to learn healthy more about the creation. Homestead National Monument of America. Back to, history and Culture, page. The first season of, pretty little liars, based on the books of the same name by, sara Shepard, premiered on June 8, 2010 and concluded on March 21, 2011.
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The, homestead Act remained in effect until it was repealed in 1976, with provisions for homesteading in Alaska until 1986. Alaska was one of the spondylolisthesis last places in the country where homesteading remained a viable option into the latter part of the 1900s. The taylor Grazing Act of 1934 substantially decreased the amount of land available to homesteaders in the west. Because much of the prime land had been homesteaded decades earlier, successful Homestead claims dropped sharply after this time. Go here for chart showing number of scuccessful homesteaders by decade and here to see the five year period when the most land was transferred from the public Domain to ownership by homesteaders. The homestead Act of 1862 is recognized as one of the most revolutionary concepts for distributing public land in American history. Repercussions of this monumental piece of legislation can be detected throughout America today, decades after the cry of "Free land!" has faded away.