5 It is translated into numerous languages and launched in more than 100 countries annually., more than 140 countries have published some 600 national Human development Reports, with undp support. Undp has also sponsored scores of regional reports, such as the ten-volume Arab Human development Report series, which have made internationally recognized contributions to the global dialogue on democracy, womens rights, inequality, poverty eradication and other critical issues. In the 2010 Report, the sultanate of Oman was reported to be the most improved country in the past 40 years out of the 135 countries assessed (the report reported on improvement in the period ). Oman's strides in education, women empowerment and health care under the patronage of the current Sultan of Oman led to it securing the 1st position. Several new indices have been introduced over the years in different reports, including the human development Index, the gender-related development Index, the gender Empowerment measure, the human poverty Index. 4 The gender-related development Index, the gender Empowerment measure and the human poverty Index were removed in 2010.
Twitterchat: Helen Clark answers your questions
1, as of 2013 the last decade saw convergence in human development indicators (HDI) values globally, although progress was uneven within and between regions. Developing countries ' transformation into major economies with growing political influence has impacted human development progress. 2, projections in the 2013 report suggested that by 2020 the combined economic output of three leading developing countries alone—. Brazil, china and, india —will surpass the aggregate production of Canada, france, germany, italy, the United Kingdom and the United States. This shift has related to trade and technology partnerships between emerging economies. 3 However economic growth does not automatically translate into human development progress, so reports have highlighted the need for pro-poor explorer policies and investments in capacity building with a focus on education, nutrition, health and employment skills. The 2013 report identified four areas of focus for sustainable development : It also critiqued global governance and outdated institutions that do not reflect economic and geopolitical reality. Contents History edit The report was first launched in 1990 by the pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya sen. 4 Its goal was to place people at the center of the development process in terms of economic debate, policy and advocacy. The human development Report is an independent report, commissioned by the United Nations development Programme (undp and is the product of a selected team of leading scholars, development practitioners and members of the human development Report Office of undp. It is a report independent of the Administrator of the undp, as suggested by ul Haq.
See also references External links Recent reports). To add entries to your own vocabulary, become a member of reverso community or login if you are already a member. It's easy and only takes a few seconds: Or sign resume up in the traditional way. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (December 2015 world map indicating the categories. Human, development, index by country (based on 20ta, published on ). Very high, high, medium, low. Data unavailable, the, human, development, report hDR ) is an annual milestone published by the, human, development, report, office of the, united Nations.
The other nine top movers are China, nepal, Indonesia, saudi Arabia, laos, tunisia, south Korea, algeria and Morocco. Remarkably, china was the only country that made the top 10 list due solely to income performance; the main degenerative drivers of hdi achievement were in health and education. The next 10 leaders in hdi improvement over the past 40 years include several low-income but high hid-achieving countries not typically described as success stories, the report notes, among them Ethiopia 11 cambodia 15) and Benin 18)—all of which made big gains in education and. The 2010 Human development Report continued the hdi tradition of measurement innovation by writing introducing new indices that address crucial development factors not directly reflected in the hdi: The Inequality-adjusted Human development Index (ihdi the 2010 Report examined hdi data through the lens of inequality, adjusting. The gender Inequality Index (gii the 2010 Report introduced a new measure of gender inequities, including maternal mortality rates and womens representation in parliaments. The gii calculated national hdi losses from gender inequities, from the netherlands (the most equal in gii terms) to yemen (the least). The multidimensional poverty Index (mpi the 2010 Report featured a new multidimensional poverty measure that complements income-based poverty assessments by looking at multiple factors at the household level, from basic living standards to access to schooling, clean water and health care. About.7 billion people—fully a third of the population in the 104 countries included in the mpi—are estimated to live in multidimensional poverty, more than the estimated.3 billion who live.25 a day or less.
The new report also included a change in the methodology used to calculate the indexes using better statistical methods, as well as new parameters for judging the growth and development. The first Human development Report introduced its pioneering hdi and analyzed previous decades of development indicators, concluding that there is no automatic link between economic growth and human progress. The 2010 Report s rigorous review of longer-term trends—looking back at hdi indicators for most countries from 1970—showed there is no consistent correlation between national economic performance and achievement in the non-income hdi areas of health and education. Overall, as shown in the reports analysis of all countries for which complete hdi data are available for the past 40 years, life expectancy climbed from 59 years in 1970 to 70 in 2010, school enrollment rose from just 55 percent of all primary and. People in all regions shared in this progress, though to varying degrees. Life expectancy, for example, rose by 18 years in the Arab states between 19, compared to eight years in sub-Saharan Africa. The 135 countries studied include 92 percent of the worlds population. The top 10 movers highlighted in the 2010 Report—those countries among the 135 that improved most in hdi terms over the past 40 years—were led by Oman, which invested energy earnings over the decades in education and public health.
Report to the community - institute for
Sultan of Oman led to it securing the 1st position. Several new indices have been introduced over the years and in different reports, including the. Human development Index, the, gender-related development Index, the, gender Empowerment measure, the, human poverty Index. 2 The gender-related development Index, the gender Empowerment measure and the human poverty Index were removed in 2010. The 2010 Human development Report introduced three new indices the Inequality-adjusted Human development Index, the gender Inequality Index, and the multidimensional poverty Index. Each Report has its own focus drawn from contemporary debate.
The 2009 Human development Report, overcoming Barriers, focused on migration - both within and beyond borders. It was chosen because it is a prominent theme in domestic and international debates. Its starting point is that the global distribution of capabilities is extraordinarily unequal, and that this is a major driver for movement of people. 2010 Human development Report The 2010 Human development Report—The real wealth of Nations: Pathways to human development —showed through a detailed new analysis of long-term Human development Index (HDI) trends that most developing countries made dramatic yet often underestimated progress in health, education and basic. Yet patterns of achievement vary greatly, with some countries losing ground since 1970, the 2010 Human development Report shows. Introducing three new indices, the 20th anniversary edition of the report documented wide inequalities within and among countries, deep disparities between women and men on a wide range of development indicators, and the prevalence of extreme multidimensional poverty in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
But it is often forgotten in the immediate concern with the accumulation of commodities and financial wealth. The United Nations General Assembly has formally recognized the report as an independent intellectual exercise and an important tool for raising awareness about human development around the world. The human development Report is an independent report, commissioned by the. United Nations development Programme (undp and is the product of a selected team of leading scholars, development practitioners and members of the human development Report Office of is a report independent of the Administrator of the undp, as suggested by Ul Haq. 3, it is translated into numerous languages and launched in more than 100 countries annually.
2, since 1990, more than 140 countries have published some 600 national, human development Reports, with undp support. Undp has also sponsored scores of regional reports, such as the ten-volume, arab Human development Report series, which have made internationally recognized contributions to the global dialogue on democracy, womens rights, inequality, poverty eradication and other critical issues. The 2010 Human development Report s review of human development trends showed that most developing countries made dramatic yet often underestimated progress in health, education and basic living standards since 1970 with many of the poorest countries posting the greatest gains. In the 2010 Report, the. Sultanate of Oman was reported to be the most improved country in the past 40 years out of the 135 countries assessed (the report reported on improvement in the period ). Oman's strides in education, women empowerment and health care under the patronage of the current.
Development, cooperation Handbook/Definitions human
1, history, the report was first launched in 1990 by the world renowned pakistani Economist. Mahbub ul Haq and brief Indian Nobel laureate, amartya sen. 2, its goal was to place people at the center of the development process in terms of economic debate, policy and advocacy. Development was characterized by the provision of choices and freedoms resulting in widespread outcomes. People are the real wealth of a nation, haq wrote in the opening lines of the first report in 1990. The basic objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives. This may appear to be a simple truth.
Freedom of choice is central: someone choosing to desk be hungry (during a religious fast say) is quite different to someone who is hungry because they cannot afford to buy food. As the international community seeks to define a new development agenda post-2015, the human development approach remains useful to articulating the objectives of development and improving peoples well-being by ensuring an equitable, sustainable and stable planet. Notes: i kennedy, robert. Address to the University of Kansas, lawrence, kansas on March 18, 1968. M ii simon kuznets, who created gdp, warned expressly against using it as a measure of wellbeing. 12473, at 7 (1934) iii professor Sen was awarded the nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1998 for his work in welfare economics. Photo credit: undp mongolia's #givingTuesday, more on human development. The, human development Report (HDR) is an annual milestone publication by the human development Report Office of the. United Nations development Programme (undp).
the right conditions for human development, such as environmental sustainability or equality between men and women. Enlarge diagram, once the basics of human development are achieved, they open up opportunities for progress in other aspects of life. Choices: human development is, fundamentally, about more choice. It is about providing people with opportunities, not insisting that they make use of them. No one can guarantee human happiness, and the choices people make are their own concern. The process of development human development - should at least create an environment for people, individually and collectively, to develop to their full potential and to have a reasonable chance of leading productive and creative lives that they value. The human development approach, developed by the economist Mahbub Ul Haq, is anchored in Amartya sens work on human capabilities, often framed in terms of whether people are able to be and do desirable things in life iii. Beings: well fed, sheltered, healthy, doings: work, education, voting, participating in community life.
It is an approach that is focused on creating fair opportunities and choices for all people. So how do these ideas come together in the human development approach? People: the human development approach focuses on improving the lives people lead rather than assuming that economic growth will lead, automatically, to greater opportunities for all. Income growth is an important means to development, rather than an end in itself. Opportunities: human development is about giving people more freedom and opportunities to live lives they value. In effect this means developing peoples abilities and giving them a chance to use short them. For example, educating a girl would build her skills, but it is of little use if she is denied access to jobs, or does not have the skills for the local labour market. The diagram below looks at aspects of human development that are foundational (that is they are a fundamental part of human development and aspects that are more contextual (that is they help to create the conditions that allow people to flourish).
What is human resource development (HRD)?
2015 marks 25 years since the first Human development Report introduced a new approach for advancing human flourishing. And while the expression human development is widely used, it is understood in different ways around the world. So on the occasion of the 25th anniversary year biography of human development reporting, wed like to highlight how the human development Report Office (hdro) presents human development. Credit: undp kosovos animation "What is Human development?" explains and promotes sustainable human development. Human development grew out of global discussions on the links between economic growth and development during the second half of the 20th Century. By the early 1960s there were increasingly loud calls to dethrone gdp: economic growth had emerged as both a leading objective, and indicator, of national progress in many countries i, even though gdp was never intended to be used as a measure of wellbeing. In the 1970s and 80s development debate considered using alternative focuses to go beyond gdp, including putting greater emphasis on employment, followed by redistribution with growth, and then whether people had their basic needs met. These ideas helped pave the way for the human development approach, which is about expanding the richness of human life, rather than simply the richness of the economy in which human beings live.